My S corp is about to be purchased. Should I sell the assets or the stock?


3

I have an interested buyer willing to pay cash for my business. They want to own the IP of the business (which is all the business actually owns).

The business is an S corp and I have owned the stock in that business for over 1 year.

If I sell the stock, can that be considered a long term capital gain? Which option should I choose?

Selling Business

asked Feb 5 '11 at 08:00
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Michael Pryor
2,250 points

5 Answers


4

Asset Sale of IP

Selling the IP if you created it will cause you to be hit with personal income tax with a top rate of 35% for the full amount of the IP, since self-created IP has a basis of zero.

Stock Sale of the S Corp

Selling the stock of the S Corp will be less because: 1) Your basis may be higher in the S Corporation shares because you had to put cash in to buy them and you may have put other cash in to fund the business, which also increases the basis in the stock and 2) The sale of S Corporation shares may be eligible for long term capital gains treatment, which is 15%

Note: This is not legal advice and should not be construed as such, and does not create an attorney client relationship.

answered Mar 3 '11 at 11:59
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Alex Naegele Lawyer
653 points

2

Generally sellers like to sell stock and buyers like to buy assets (in part to avoid liabilities of the company that can come along with the stock).

Regardless of the method of sale, there may be tax elections that you can make to get the tax treatment of the other method.

answered Mar 20 '11 at 07:14
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User6492
1,747 points

2

You need to pay for the services of two people:

  • a lawyer
  • an accountant

And these should not be H&R Block or Cousin Johnny. These need to be good at what they do and specialized. I'm sure if you posted on here or Hacker News your location you could get referrals to good people in your area.

answered Feb 5 '11 at 08:13
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Sean
1,149 points
  • Thanks for the advice! I'm more interested in the pros and cons of selling assets vs. selling stock if anyone has experience with that. I will certainly eventually consult with a lawyer and an accountant (who will probably have their own advice). – Michael Pryor 7 years ago
  • Then modify your question to ask that. You asked about capital gains. An accountant will be able to help you with that. You ask should you just sell the IP, but not the company (which would include the customers, branding, websites, credit, etc.). That's a legal question -- if your buyer would even go for buying just the IP and not the rest of it. – Sean 7 years ago
  • I agree with Sean. There are actually several questions here. – Bob Murphy 7 years ago
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0

Are you asking if selling assets vs selling stocks, will there be any tax benefit at the end of the year? If you are selling a business you are giving away everything related to your business. So the question is what is the legal format you should sell your business?

If this, then definitely talk to a CPA.

answered Feb 5 '11 at 09:00
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Nilesh
420 points

0

You should also consider the tax implications for the buyer in an asset sale vs. a stock purchase.

Specifically, a buyer may have an opportunity trigger a 338(h)(10) election while purchasing your stock, which can allow an basis step up. If it is a material transaction, you might be able to 'price in' some of the buyers benefit into your transaction.

Here are 2 discussions on 338(h)(10) elections:

http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst?docId=5000257168 http://www.allbusiness.com/personal-finance/individual-taxes-capital-gains-tax/828492-1.html

answered Mar 3 '11 at 02:08
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Burritoboy
431 points

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