You are looking for Manufacturing Jewelers that create ring blanks that in the trade are known as Semi-Mounts or Semi Mounts. It is likely that even the large suppliers like Stuller - http://www.stuller.com/products/67769/?groupId=102618 - or Otto-Frei - http://www.ottofrei.com/store/home.php?cat=2117 - are not the manufacturers.
So two suggestions:
1) Check with some of the jewelers trade magazines like www.jckonline.com. FYI, JCK stands for Jewelers Circular Keystone. They may be able to point you in the right direction.
2) Every semi-custom jeweler that mounts loose stones carries semi mounts and has catalogs from various suppliers. Visit or contact your favorite jeweler and ask about their suppliers.
Hope that helps.
If the designs are custom American Gemstone Group is by far the best jewelry factory available for branded production. They do semi mounts and full mounts for brands in large quantities, but offer JIT inventory based production so that brands can order according to their distributors orders.